March 27, 2018
The great tragedy of science - the slaying of a beautiful hypothesis by an ugly fact.
these were given to me by Jill, the librarian. Go to the library.
Credo reference: https://guides.nyu.edu/credo
- This is a GREAT resource to find out the general knowledge available on a subject and the surrounding debates.
Oxford Bibliographies: https://arch.library.nyu.edu/databases/proxy/NYU03547
Annual Reviews: https://arch.library.nyu.edu/databases/proxy/NYU00418
She also suggested these resources for my method of attack for ‘inverse problems’ in sociological and perceptual questions; which is Evolutionary Analysis.
Jill’s the “Gender Studies” librarian, so she added these for consideration. Which practically try to make the same point:
Pinch, Trevor. “The Sociology of Science and Technology.” 21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook, Clifton D. Bryant, and Dennis L. Peck, Sage Publications, 1st edition, 2007. Credo Reference, https://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sagetfcsoc/the_sociology_of_science_and_technology/0?institutionId=577
Cuomo, Chris. “Critiques of Science.” Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present, edited by Sue V. Rosser, ABC-CLIO, 1st edition, 2008. Credo Reference, https://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/abcwsm/critiques_of_science/0?institutionId=577
Nelson, Lynn Hankinson. “Feminist Philosophy of Science.” Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present, edited by Sue V. Rosser, ABC-CLIO, 1st edition, 2008. Credo Reference, https://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/abcwsm/feminist_philosophy_of_science/0?institutionId=577
Wyer, Mary. “Feminist Science Studies.” Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present, edited by Sue V. Rosser, ABC-CLIO, 1st edition, 2008. Credo Reference, https://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/abcwsm/feminist_science_studies/0?institutionId=577
Lederman, Muriel. “Nature/Nurture.” Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present, edited by Sue V. Rosser, ABC-CLIO, 1st edition, 2008. Credo Reference, https://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/abcwsm/nature_nurture/0?institutionId=577
Less General Resources
- do a search on Credo! Here’s how “Sex” is defined in multitudes of Encyclopedias for different sciences: https://search.credoreference.com/search/all?searchPhrase=sex
Gender Role Theory - Credo
overview of what gender roles are defined
Gender Stereotypes - Credo
overview of what gender stereotypes are.
Gender Stereotypes around the world - Credo
this goes over what countries associate with each gender. Also looks at how those views change in children from the age of 5 to 8.
Pink and Blue: Telling the Boys from the Girls in America
book by Jo Paoletti suggesting infant clothing preferences color stereotypes beginning in 1920’s, and gendered clothing styles back to 1850’s, are formed by society.
The Twentieth Century Reversal of Pink-Blue Gender Coding: A Scientific Urban Legend?
short research by Marco Del Giudice debunking the previous one, by simply searching in book texts in the past 3 centuries, finding color associations with genders dating back to 1800s. Rendering Pink/Blue associations being a sole outcome of modern marketing as an urban myth.
Male monkeys prefer boys’ toys - New Scientist
Report on Kim Wallen’s research on toy preference in Rhesus monkeys.
Sex differences in rhesus monkey toy preferences parallel those of children
Kim Wallen’s research
Chimp “Girls” Play With “Dolls” Too—First Wild Evidence
Interesting discovery in Kenyawara Chimpanzees.
Monkey Study Suggests Hormonal Basis For Children’s Toy Preferences
not a well-written cliff notes on works of Gerianne Alexander trying to connect inafnt tendencies to pre-natal or early antogens.
Gerianne Alexander’s body of work
She has done SUBSTANCIAL work on infant tendencies.
Global Gender Gap Report 2017 by World Economic Forum
Gender differences globally in detail. can be explored for hours
5 charts that will change how you see women’s equality in 2017
cliff notes on the global gender gaps, focusing on women.
A Nordic mystery
Scandinavian countries have done all you can think of to reduce the gap. Yes even 50⁄50 quotas in high level management. Yet pay gaps still exist, and other job stereotypes strongly exist.
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE NORDIC GENDER EQUALITY PARADOX
This goes deep into the Nordic paradox. Of all the strategies that were put into use in Scandinavia and the outcome. Just as an example, Women in the US has more shares of Management positions than every other Scandinavian countries. The author also blames it partly on social welfare programs.
Men and Women in Sweden: Statistical Analysis and Reports
This report goes into details of Men/Women statistics in detail. Supporting the Nordic Paradox observations (but not conclusions, though it’s just stats without inference)
The ‘Equal Pay Day’ factoid that women make 78 cents for every dollar earned by men
The earning gap statistics are fact-checked by Washington Post. Giving it a “two Pinocchios” rating.
‘Equal pay day’ this year is April 12; the next ‘equal occupational fatality day’ will be in the year 2027
Article on work place fatality statistics, which explains parts of the earning gap.
Pay Disparity Between Men and Women Even Exists in the Gig Economy
quick look at the Uber earnings study and its conclusions. The gap is around 7% and is mostly attributed to individual work ethics and patterns.
How freedom of choice contributes to the gender wage gap
Short article exploring factors other than sexism contributing to earning inequity.
An Analysis of Reason for the Disparity in Wages Between Men and Women
Research for U.S Department of Labor. Which does a Multivariate analysis of Men/Women earnings, boiling the “adjusted wage gap” down to 4.8% - 7.1%. Acknowledging that it’s difficult to factor in more variables (which can potentially decrease that number further)
Countries with Higher Levels of Gender Equality Show Larger National Sex Differences in Mathematics Anxiety and Relatively Lower Parental Mathematics Valuation for Girls
This can be looked at a number of ways. Fascinating nevertheless.
Women in science in Denmark: A natural sciences perspective
Similar observation, women getting out of academia after PhD. Though resolutions suggested by the author has been implemented in business sectors in other countries.
The inequality delusion: Why we’ve got the wealth gap all wrong
Good article on the nature of inequality, and human desire to create inequality while loathing inequality through empathy. I found the full article so you won’t have to ;) New Scientist Mar31st
Sex Difference Research: Cognitive Abilities
Outline of the state of research on sex differences in Cognitive abilities.
Big Five Model and Lexical Trait Theory: from The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology
We’re gonna look at some personality differences between sexes. So here’s an intro to the Big Five model that is used in many studies.
Gender differences in personality across the ten aspects of the Big Five
Remember how most traits have comprehensive overlap between sexes? Well, personality traits is where a lot of differences emerge. Which is important for understanding the emergence stereotypes and many, many other things. Here’s a good intro.
The Distance Between Mars and Venus: Measuring Global Sex Differences in Personality
A study done on the US population
Why Can’t a Man Be More Like a Woman? Sex Differences in Big Five Personality Traits Across 55 Countries
This amazing research measures traits across many countries, The amount of difference in each region is VERY fascinating. Suggesting that in more egalitarian societies, greater personality trait differences emerge.
Gender Difference Research: Issues and Critique - from Encyclopedia of Women and Gender
Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender. An important overview of pitfalls in these kind of researches. I learned about important concepts like “Alpha Bias” and “Beta Bias”. VERY IMPORTANT READ.
Heterodox: What does the research say about gender differences
This articles takes points out of what’s known now as the “Google Memo” and cross examines it with the available literature, supportive and critical.
Heterodox: The Most Authoritative Review Paper on Gender Differences
Highlights of a comprehensive study on gender differences in Math and Science.
The Science of Sex Differences in Science and Mathematics
The source for the study referenced above. It goes through everything we know in science thus far. “ Readers expecting a single conclusion—such as that we can explain sex differences in science and math by knowing about hormones, or by knowing how stereotypes affect performance, or by knowing how our ancestors met the challenges in their lives—are surely disappointed.” - So read it. It gives you and idea of the complexity of the situation.
Heterodox: The Greater Male Variability Hypothesis
An interesting observation shows greater variability among Males in a number of measures of cognitive ability, personality traits, and interests. “This means men are more likely to be found at both the low and high end of these distributions”.
Credo: Early Development of the Understanding and Use of Symbolic Artifacts
A little deviation. Jean Piaget has a lot to say on importance of play for developing all sorts of cognitive abilities. A lot of things emerge from play patterns. Development of Symbols, And association of those symbols with things around the world, therefore stereotyping, is something worth looking at.
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Play
Credo: Play Patterns and Gender
What is Play. And how different patterns of play emerges among and between genders. An interesting category is “Symbolic Play”
Honor Among Beasts: Think altruism, empathy and a sense of fair play are traits only humans possess? Think again
Animals have play patterns, honor rules, and ethics when it comes to play. And later live. fascinating.
Social Play Behavior in Adolescent Rats is Mediated by Functional Activity in Medial Prefrontal Cortex and Striatum
Rats have Rough and Tumble Play. They wrestle and pin each other. They invite each other to play. A hard to read research on that!
Jaak Panksepp on The Importance Of Play
Panksepp wrote “Affective Neuroscience: The Foundations of Human and Animal Emotions”. He found that rats giggle when you tickle them. That they invite each other to play with a certain stance. That if the bigger rat doesn’t let the smaller one win, the smaller one will stop inviting him to play. If emergence of abstract ethics and morality in primates doesn’t blow your mind… i don’t know, just read about this!
Breast size: a human anomaly
Did you know that humans are the only mammals that have plump breasts when they’re NOT lactating? There’s a lot of sexual signals that other primates only show in certain times, like mating season, or ovulation; but we send those signals all throughout our lives.
The Red Pill
Don’t watch the red pill. It can’t be unseen. Don’t read about it either. If you feel like questioning too many things to handle, just watch it. But make sure you have a lot of free time ahead of you to think and research the points made in the documentary. You can also watch the raw and uncut interviews in The Red Pill: Raw Files
And with that, I’m done.
P.S. Almost forgot, the actual presentation
Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing, there is a field. I’ll meet you there.
When the (enlightened) soul lies down in that grass, you find no right, no wrong, and no ‘there’